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This personal injury glossary provides explanations in plain English of a number of technical terms you may encounter in the process of pursuing a personal injury claim.
Case - A shortened way of referring to a law suit.
Civil matters - Laws created to deal with the rights of private parties.
Civil procedure rules - Official rules setting out how civil cases progress and how they are brought to court.
Claimant - A person who feels they have been wronged and is seeking compensation.
Claim form - Legal document submitted to court to begin court proceedings.
Client - A person who uses a solicitor to advise them on a legal matter.
Compensation recovery unit - The compensation recovery unit (CRU) works with insurance companies, solicitors and the Department of Work and Pensions customers, to recover benefits paid as a result of an accident, injury or disease, where a compensation payment has been made for the same loss. This is known as the compensation recovery scheme.
Conditional fee agreement/contingency fee agreement - These are sometimes referred to as “no win, no fee”. Payment of a solicitor’s bill is subject to the claimant being successful in their claim.
Contributory negligence - Where behaviour by the claimant was partially responsible for the harm caused as a result of the defendant’s negligence.
Correspondence - Communication between different parties. This can be through many different means such as telephone conversations, letters or emails.
Costs - Legal fees incurred during the course of bringing a claim.
Counsel - A formal term when referring to a barrister.
Counter claim - A claim brought by the defendant against the claimant if he or she feels they have been wronged by the claimant.
County Court - A local court responsible for dealing with low value civil matters.
Criminal injuries compensation authority - A government organisation that compensates innocent victims of violent crime for the injuries they have suffered.