Medical terms glossary - S

This medical term glossary provides explanations in plain English of a number of technical terms you may encounter in the process of pursuing a clinical negligence claim.

Sacral - Of or relating to the sacrum.

Sacrodynia - Pain in sacrum.

Sacro-iliac joint - The joint connecting the ilium and the sacrum.

Sacrum - Bone at the base of the spine above the coccyx composed of five fused vertebrae.

Scaphoid - A wrist bone.

Sciatica - Pain and abnormal sensation in sciatic nerve down the back of the leg.

Sclerosis - Higher density bone.

Scoliosis - Spine deformed laterally.

Seizure - A fit.

Self-tapping screw - Screw capable of cutting it’s own thread.

Sequestrum - Dead bone caused by osteomyelitis.

Sesamoid - Bones within tendons, e.g. the kneecap.

Shin splints - Fracture of the tibia caused by physical stress.

Shortening - Reduction in length of a bone.

Sign - The results of a doctors visual inspection.

Silicosis - Lung disease caused by inhalation of silicon dust.

Simple fracture - Fracture without breach of skin.

Sinus - Air-filled cavities in the skull.

Slough - Dead tissue being shed from the body.

Spastic - Excessive muscle spasm.

Spinal cord - Nerve bundle within the vertebral canal.

Splint - Support to prevent movement of a joint or fracture.

Spondylitis - Inflammation of the spine.

Spondylo- - Of or relating to the vertebrae.

Spondylolisthesis - Vertebrae slipping on one another.

Spondylolysis - Deformed vertebrae, usually due to an injury.

Spondylosis - Osteoarthritis of the spine.

Sprain - Partial tearing of a ligament.

Stenosis - Abnormal narrowing of passages such as arteries.

Sternum - Breast bone.

Stockholm workshop scale - A scale for the assessment of Raynaud's phenomenon and hand-arm vibration syndrome.

Sub-dural haematoma - A pooling of blood between the outer membrane of the brain and the inner lining of the skull.

Subluxation - Partial dislocation of a joint.

Sudek's atrophy - A form of reflex sympathetic dystrophy involving the wasting of muscle and osteoporosis (thinning of bones).

Sulci - Folds on the surface of the brain.

Supination - Rotation of forearm.

Supra-condylar fracture - A fractured end of the humerus (upper arm bone) or femur (thigh bone).

Suture - Stitch used during surgery.

Symphysis - A joint with no cavity, minimising movement.

Symphysis pubis - The join between the two halves of the pelvis.

Symptom - Sensory perception of the patient.

Syndesmosis - A joint where the opposing surfaces are connected by a ligament

Syndrome - A collection of symptoms and signs which indicates a conclusion.

Synovial effusion - Abnormally large amount of fluid generated in joint cavity.

Synovitis - Inflammation of the joint lining.

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 

N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

If you would like assistance in relation to a possible clinical negligence claim speak to our experts for free initial advice on 0203 817 9430 or complete our online enquiry form.

loading staff

4.7out of 10
4.7 score on Trustpilot Based on count 768

We're Great

It is our business to deliver legal services that work for our clients, and you can trust our specialists to take care of things on your behalf.

Our Trustpilot reviews

New database will allow information to be shared between hospitals

Sir Bruce Keogh, former NHS England Medical Director, has developed a new information platform with the Independent Healthcare Providers Network. The database is designed to be a secure system to allow information to be shared between hospitals (private...

Read more

SolicitorsLLP

Busting myths around cohabitation - cohabitating misconceptions

Cohabiting couples or common law partners have now replaced the traditional married couple as the fastest growing relationship status in the UK. Cohabitees have increased by 25.8% over the last ten years*, as more and more couples decide not to walk down...

Read more

Clin neg staff reorder

  • Louise Griffiths
  • Judith Thomas-Whittingham
  • Tom Mooney
  • Laura Sheehan
  • Claire Stockley
  • Jamie Cruickshanks
  • ​Carla Duprey
  • Gemma Crompton
  • Alexandra Cullen
  • Laura Owen
  • Kelly Withers
  • Christopher Marsden
  • Pam Thompson
  • Justine Wright