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Medical term glossary - E
This medical term glossary provides explanations in plain English of a number of technical terms you may encounter in the process of pursuing a clinical negligence claim.
Eburnation - The wearing down of joint cartilage as a result of osteoarthritis.
Ecdysis - Shedding skin.
Eclampsia -A form of epileptic convulsion, particularly in pregnant women.
-ectomy - Surgical removal.
Eczma - Disorder causing inflammation of the skin.
Edentulous - Lacking teeth.
Effusion - Leaking of bodily fluid (e.g. pus or blood) into a body cavity.
Electro-encephalogram - A scan of brain electrical activity. Used to diagnose epilepsy.
Embolism - Blood vessels becoming blocked by material such as blood clots which are carried through larger blood vessels in the bloodstream.
Embrasure - The gaps between teeth.
Eminence - A part of a bone which sticks out.
Emphysema - Collection of air in a part of the body where it is not typically present Describes a disease where air becomes trapped in the lungs.
Enarthrosis - A ball and socket joint between two bones.
Encephalitis - Swelling of the brain, often due to infection.
Encephalopathy - Abnormal brain function, possibly caused by toxic substances.
Endometrium - The lining of the womb.
Enterocentesis - The draining of fluid from the stomach (or intestine) by use of a needle.
Enucleate - Eye removal.
Enuresis - Bed wetting.
Epicondyle - Projection at the end of a bone which links to another bone.
Epicondylitis - Inflammation in region of an epicondyle. For example, tennis elbow, where the extensor tendons of the forearm attach to the lateral epicondyle.
Epicranius - The scalp muscle.
Epidural - Of or relating to the outer membrane covering the spinal cord.
Epilepsy - Disturbances of electrical activity in the brain.
Epiphysis - The end of a bone where growth occurs.
Epiphysitis - Inflamed epiphysis.
Epistaxis - Nose bleed.
Equinovarus - A deformity of the foot (down and inwards).
Equinus - A deformity of the foot (down).
Erythema - Superficial redness of skin.
Erythrocyte - Red blood cell.
Eschar - Dead skin which sloughs off the body.
Eutocia - Normal labour and childbirth without complications.
Eversion - The movement of the foot upwards and outwards.
Evoked response - Stimulated brain activity, for example by visual stimuli.
Excise - Surgical removal of tissue.
Excision arthroplasty - An arthroplasty in which the joint is removed.
Exsanguinated - High level of blood loss.
Extension - Straightening out a joint.
Extensor plantar response - Abnormal upward movement by the big toe when the sole of the foot is touched (the Babinski reflex).
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