Medical term glossary - E

This medical term glossary provides explanations in plain English of a number of technical terms you may encounter in the process of pursuing a clinical negligence claim.

Eburnation - The wearing down of joint cartilage as a result of osteoarthritis.

Ecdysis - Shedding skin.

Eclampsia -A form of epileptic convulsion, particularly in pregnant women.

-ectomy - Surgical removal.

Eczma - Disorder causing inflammation of the skin.

Edentulous - Lacking teeth.

Effusion - Leaking of bodily fluid (e.g. pus or blood) into a body cavity.

Electro-encephalogram - A scan of brain electrical activity. Used to diagnose epilepsy.

Embolism - Blood vessels becoming blocked by material such as blood clots which are carried through larger blood vessels in the bloodstream.

Embrasure - The gaps between teeth.

Eminence - A part of a bone which sticks out.

Emphysema - Collection of air in a part of the body where it is not typically present Describes a disease where air becomes trapped in the lungs.

Enarthrosis - A ball and socket joint between two bones.

Encephalitis - Swelling of the brain, often due to infection.

Encephalopathy - Abnormal brain function, possibly caused by toxic substances.

Endometrium - The lining of the womb.

Enterocentesis - The draining of fluid from the stomach (or intestine) by use of a needle.

Enucleate - Eye removal.

Enuresis - Bed wetting.

Epicondyle - Projection at the end of a bone which links to another bone.

Epicondylitis - Inflammation in region of an epicondyle. For example, tennis elbow, where the extensor tendons of the forearm attach to the lateral epicondyle.

Epicranius - The scalp muscle.

Epidural - Of or relating to the outer membrane covering the spinal cord.

Epilepsy - Disturbances of electrical activity in the brain.

Epiphysis - The end of a bone where growth occurs.

Epiphysitis - Inflamed epiphysis.

Epistaxis - Nose bleed.

Equinovarus - A deformity of the foot (down and inwards).

Equinus - A deformity of the foot (down).

Erythema - Superficial redness of skin.

Erythrocyte - Red blood cell.

Eschar - Dead skin which sloughs off the body.

Eutocia - Normal labour and childbirth without complications.

Eversion - The movement of the foot upwards and outwards.

Evoked response - Stimulated brain activity, for example by visual stimuli.

Excise - Surgical removal of tissue.

Excision arthroplasty - An arthroplasty in which the joint is removed.

Exsanguinated - High level of blood loss.

Extension - Straightening out a joint.

Extensor plantar response - Abnormal upward movement by the big toe when the sole of the foot is touched (the Babinski reflex).

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 

N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

If you would like assistance in relation to a possible clinical negligence claim speak to our experts for free initial advice on 0203 817 9430 or complete our online enquiry form.

loading staff

We're widely accredited for our work - medical negligence

  • Clinical Negligence Accreditation
  • Chambers
  • Society of Clinical Injury Lawyers
  • Legal 500

It is our business to deliver legal services that work for our clients, you can trust our specialists to take care of things on your behalf. Over the years our medical negligence team has been recognised by industry awards and accredited for their excellence.

Memberships & accreditations

8.5 out of 10
Trustpilot logo4-stars on trustpilot Based on count 310

We're Great

It is our business to deliver legal services that work for our clients, and you can trust our specialists to take care of things on your behalf.

Our Trustpilot reviews

Very clear, concise information from the start, friendly, approachable, nothing is too much trouble, I felt at ease.
View from a satisfied clinical negligence client

Sepsis - what are the causes, symptoms and treatments?

If you ask the general population, many won’t know or have even heard of it, yet according to the UK Sepsis Trust, it’s one of the most common causes of death in the UK, responsible for killing up to 44,000 people a year. It’s...

Read more

Government Green Paper sets out a "fundamental rethink" on social housing

The UK Government has announced a series of proposals on social housing in England.  The measures, outlined in its Social Housing Green Paper , aim to provide tenants with greater power, hold bad practice by landlords to account and tackle the...

Read more

Clin neg staff reorder

  • Louise Griffiths
  • Judith Thomas-Whittingham
  • Tom Mooney
  • Laura Sheehan
  • Claire Stockley
  • Jamie Cruickshanks
  • ​Carla Duprey
  • Gemma Crompton
  • Alexandra Gill
  • Laura Owen
  • Karen Andrews
  • Pam Thompson
  • Justine Wright

We're always here for you

As an award-winning top 150 law firm, with over 450 staff based in offices across the country, you're never far from the advice you need.

Find your nearest Stephensons office and arrange a meeting

As an award-winning top 150 law firm, with over 450 staff based in offices across the country, you're never far from the advice you need.