In the UK somebody has a stroke every five minutes meaning that there are 100,000 strokes every year. What is a stroke? A stroke is when brain cells die because the blood supply to the brain is cut off. They cause more disabilities than any other...
This medical term glossary provides explanations in plain English of a number of technical terms you may encounter in the process of pursuing a clinical negligence claim.
Eburnation - The wearing down of joint cartilage as a result of osteoarthritis.
Ecdysis - Shedding skin.
Eclampsia -A form of epileptic convulsion, particularly in pregnant women.
-ectomy - Surgical removal.
Eczma - Disorder causing inflammation of the skin.
Edentulous - Lacking teeth.
Effusion - Leaking of bodily fluid (e.g. pus or blood) into a body cavity.
Electro-encephalogram - A scan of brain electrical activity. Used to diagnose epilepsy.
Embolism - Blood vessels becoming blocked by material such as blood clots which are carried through larger blood vessels in the bloodstream.
Embrasure - The gaps between teeth.
Eminence - A part of a bone which sticks out.
Emphysema - Collection of air in a part of the body where it is not typically present Describes a disease where air becomes trapped in the lungs.
Enarthrosis - A ball and socket joint between two bones.
Encephalitis - Swelling of the brain, often due to infection.
Encephalopathy - Abnormal brain function, possibly caused by toxic substances.
Endometrium - The lining of the womb.
Enterocentesis - The draining of fluid from the stomach (or intestine) by use of a needle.
Enucleate - Eye removal.
Enuresis - Bed wetting.
Epicondyle - Projection at the end of a bone which links to another bone.
Epicondylitis - Inflammation in region of an epicondyle. For example, tennis elbow, where the extensor tendons of the forearm attach to the lateral epicondyle.
Epicranius - The scalp muscle.
Epidural - Of or relating to the outer membrane covering the spinal cord.
Epilepsy - Disturbances of electrical activity in the brain.
Epiphysis - The end of a bone where growth occurs.
Epiphysitis - Inflamed epiphysis.
Epistaxis - Nose bleed.
Equinovarus - A deformity of the foot (down and inwards).
Equinus - A deformity of the foot (down).
Erythema - Superficial redness of skin.
Erythrocyte - Red blood cell.
Eschar - Dead skin which sloughs off the body.
Eutocia - Normal labour and childbirth without complications.
Eversion - The movement of the foot upwards and outwards.
Evoked response - Stimulated brain activity, for example by visual stimuli.
Excise - Surgical removal of tissue.
Excision arthroplasty - An arthroplasty in which the joint is removed.
Exsanguinated - High level of blood loss.
Extension - Straightening out a joint.
Extensor plantar response - Abnormal upward movement by the big toe when the sole of the foot is touched (the Babinski reflex).
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