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Medical term glossary - H
This medical term glossary provides explanations in plain English of a number of technical terms you may encounter in the process of pursuing a clinical negligence claim.
Haemarthrosis - The pooling of blood in a joint.
Haematoma - A mass of clotted blood.
Haemo-pneumothorax - Blood and air in the cavity surrounding the lungs which may need to be drained.
Haemorrhage - Breach of a blood vessel causing leakage.
Halitosis - Bad breath.
Hallux - Big toe.
Hamstring - Tendon at the rear of the knee.
Hearing threshold level - The limits of hearing.
Hemianopia - Blindness in one eye.
Hemiplegia - One side of the body becomes paralysed.
Heparinised - The use of heparin in blood, a substance which reduces blood clotting.
Hepatiscostomy - The surgical opening of the main bile duct.
Hernioplasty - Surgery to repair a hernia.
Histogenesis - Formation of tissue.
Histology - Study of tissue structure.
Homeostasis - The balancing of body temperature, fluid content etc.
Homoplasty - Skin grafting.
Humerus - Upper arm bone.
Hydramnios - Excessive fluid within the structure which protects a developing foetus.
Hydrocephalus - Brain swelling by the accumulation of cerebro-spinal fluid.
Hydronephrosis - Swelling of the kidney due to blockage of urinary vessel.
Hyper- - In excess of normal range.
Hyperacusis - Abnormally high sensitivity to sight, sound, taste and smell.
Hyperaesthesia - Abnormally high sensitivity to sound, taste, smell or feeling.
Hyperextension - Movement of a limb beyond its normal range.
Hypertension - High blood pressure.
Hypertrophy - Size of organ increases due to enlargement of cells.
Hyperventilation - Breathing too quickly.
Hypo- - Decreased.
Hypocalcaemia - Low calcium levels in the blood.
Hypohidrosis - Inability to sweat sufficiently.
Hypoplasia - Tissue fails to develop fully.
Hypotropia - Squint.
Hypoxia - Insufficient oxygen levels.
Hysterectomy - Surgical removal of the womb.
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