On 20 May 2020, legislation in England came into effect which means that all adults will be considered as potential organ donors when they die, unless their family intervenes or they opt out during their lifetime. This replaces the previous...
This medical term glossary provides explanations in plain English of a number of technical terms you may encounter in the process of pursuing a clinical negligence claim.
Palmar- Of or relating to the palm.
Palmarflexion - Bending the wrist towards the arm.
Palsy - Paralysis.
Para- - Proximate to.
Paraesthesia - Pins and needles.
Paralysis - Active muscle contraction disabled.
Paraplegia - Both legs paralysed due to injury to the thoracic or lumbar spinal cord.
Paresis - Partial paralysis.
Parietal - The outer lining of the membranes of certain organs.
Parietal bone - Upper skull bone.
Parietal lobe - Central section of the brain.
Parkinson's disease - Degeneration of part of the brain, causing abnormal motor function.
Parosmia - Misperception of a smell.
Patch testing - Allergy testing performed by exposing the body to various substances.
Patella - Knee cap.
Pathogenic - Disease-causing.
Peri- - Around.
Periarthritis - Inflamed tissue around a joint.
Pericardium - The membrane around the heart.
Periosteum - The membrane around bones.
Periostitis - Inflammation of the periosteum.
Peritendinitis crepitans - A form of tenosynovitis close to the wrist.
Petit mal - Minor epileptic seizure.
Phalen's test - Test to identify carpal tunnel syndrome.
Phlebitis - Inflamed veins.
Phobia - Irrational fear of something.
Photosensitivity - Abnormally sensitive to light.
Physiotherapy - Rehabilitative therapy to restore normal pain-free movement. May include massage, manipulation, exercise, etc.
Pia mater - The inner layer of the membrane around the brain and spinal cord.
Plantar - Of or relating to the sole of the foot.
Plantar flexion - Flexing the foot or pointing the toes downward.
Plaques - Raised area of skin.
-plegia - Paralysis.
Pleural cavity - The space between the lungs and the chest wall.
Pleural plaque - Thickening of the lining of the lungs, often caused by asbestos exposure.
Pneumoconiosis - Lung disease caused by inhalation of dust.
Pneumonia - Lung infection.
Pneumothorax - Collapsed lung caused by air in the pleural cavity due to a breach in either the chest wall or lung.
Pollux - Thumb.
Poly- - Many.
Polyp - Abnormal growth.
Porencephaly - A cavity in the brain caused by brain damage.
Post-concussion syndrome - Headaches, impaired memory etc.
Post-traumatic epilepsy - Epilepsy following a head injury.
Postural hypotension - A sudden fall in blood pressure following standing up from a prone position.
Pott's fracture - A fracture and dislocation of the ankle.
Presbyacusis - Hearing loss with age.
Priapism - Persistent erection of the penis.
Prolapse - Displaced internal organ or structure.
Pronation - Rotating forearm so the palm faces down (opposite of supination).
Proprioception - Sensing the position of joints.
Prostatectomy - Surgical removal of the prostate gland.
Prosthesis - Artificial replacement body part.
Proximal - Nearer to the middle of the body.
Pseudo-arthrosis - Fracture that fails to fuse.
Psychosis - Severe mental disorder.
Psychosomatic - The brain’s effects on the function of the rest of the body.
Ptosis - Drooping eyelid.
Pulmonary - Of or relating to the lung.
Purgative - Laxative.
Pyarthrosis - A pus-filled joint.
Pyrexia - Fever.
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