Medical term glossary - G

This medical term glossary provides explanations in plain English of a number of technical terms you may encounter in the process of pursuing a clinical negligence claim.

Ganglion - A grouping of nerve cells. Also used to describe an unrelated form of cyst.

Gangrene - Tissue death due to lack of blood flow.

Gastrotomy - Surgical opening of the stomach.

Genioplasty - Plastic surgery to augment or reduce the chin bone.

Genu - The knee

Gibbus - Backward curvature of the spine due to disease or injury.

Gingivitis - Gum inflammation.

Ginglymus - A hinge joint

Glasgow coma scale - Scale for the measurement of the ‘depth’ or severity of a coma.

Gluteal - Of or relating to the buttock.

Gonarthrosis - Osteoarthritis of the knee.

Grand mal - A type of epileptic seizure.

Greenstick fracture - Bone fracture in children.

Grey matter - Nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord.

Gustatory - Of or relating to taste organs.

Gyri - Folds on the surface of the brain.

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