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Declaration of trust - making a trust

A declaration of trust is an agreement created when assets such as property, shares or money are transferred to a small group of people known as 'trustees' to be held on behalf of one or more people who are the ‘beneficiaries’ of the trust.

Our legal experts can create declarations of trust expertly based on your needs. Our specialist declaration of trust UK solicitors are on hand to help you with any enquiries you have about trusts and advise you on how to progress with your trust.

If you would like further information on how we can help you, please call us on 01616 966 229 for a no obligation initial chat with one of our advisors. We have a team of friendly and approachable advisors who are waiting to take your call. They will talk to you about your situation without using legal jargon and they will do their best to make you feel comfortable and at ease. If you don’t want to call us initially you can contact us at a time most convenient to you, anytime of the day or night, through our online enquiry form and we will get back to you as soon as we can to see if we can help.

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Why should you make a declaration of trust?

Trusts can be used in order to avoid or address problems, they allow for control of assets by nominated trustees. They are viable for both personal and commercial uses. The two main areas trusts are used for are domestic matters and taxation.

Domestic matters

You may plan to leave money to your children but are worried they are too young to handle the assets. Alternatively, you could worry about them losing the assets in divorce. By using a declaration of trust for property or money that you want to leave them, you can protect those assets. A trust also allows for privacy; where a will is public, a trust can be kept private.


A trust can allow you to pass assets, without the need to pay a high rate of inheritance tax in the event of your death. There are measures you can put into place to limit the amount of tax you or your children will have to pay. This is dependent on the trust type and your circumstances.

HMRC set out the following reasons for creation of a trust:

  • To control and protect family assets
  • When someone is too young to handle their affairs
  • When someone can’t handle their affairs because they are incapacitated
  • To pass on money or property while you are still alive
  • To pass on money or property under the terms of your will

When making a declaration of trust, the asset owner, known as the ‘settlor’, will express their intentions to create the trust. It can be a legal document known as a declaration of trust deed or, in some cases, an oral declaration.

There must be three certainties when making a trust declaration:

  • The expressed intention to create a trust
  • Stating the subject matter and the proposed assets
  • The beneficiaries of the trust must be clearly identified

A trust solicitor can then assist in the creation of the trust, outlining the chosen trustees and the nature of the trust.

What to consider when making a declaration of trust


If the assets were to be given away out rightly, they would be the sole property of the beneficiary. They would have the power to sell or use the assets as they wished. Perhaps in a way the giver had not intended.

Using a trust allows you to add conditions to the handling of the assets. For instance, if you wanted a family business to stay within the family, a trust could allow you to control that whilst giving the benefits to others.

Divorce or bankruptcy

In the case of divorce or bankruptcy, assets could be lost as part of a settlement if not part of a trust, by using a trust the assets can be protected. This allows peace of mind that, although the beneficiaries will receive the benefits of the trust, the assets will remain safe.

How to create a declaration of trust

In order to make a trust you should speak to a trust solicitor. There are different types of declaration of trust solicitors at Stephensons and our team will advise you on who will be best placed to help you, depending on the type of trust you want to make. You will also be able to chat to our trust solicitors with no obligation, to help you with any questions you may have, or make a decision.

Further information

The advice provided to non-face to face clients will be through electronic or written communication only e.g. by telephone and email. Stephensons Solicitors LLP assumes no responsibility for, and shall not be liable for, (a) verification of mental capacity or testamentary capacity (b) verification of any undue influence or duress involved (c) the execution of any documents.

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