Residential conveyancing - jargon buster A

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Absolute Interest: An unconditional interest in land, e.g. a lease for A to 99 years.

Absolute title: The best class of title available in registered land.
 
Abstract of title: Document setting out the history of a title in an abbreviated form, used when deducing title in unregistered land.
 
Ad valorem: According to value. The phrase is encountered in connection with the stamp duty on a deed – which in noteworthy, because usually any document transferring a legal estate has to be by deed.
 
Adverse possession: If a squatter takes possession of land, with the intention of excluding the true owner and the world at large, then the squatter acquires title to land by adverse possession after, usually, 12 years under the Limitation Act 1980.
 
Assent: Document transferring property of a deceased person from the estate to the beneficiary. S36 Administration of Estates Act 1925 requires an assent to be in writing. It does not have to be by deed – which is noteworthy, because usually any document transferring a legal estate has to be by deed.
 
Assignment: A document (which must be a deed) transferring the remainder of a lease from A to B.